Housing Finance Companies are entities registered under the Companies Act and which primarily engage in the business of providing finance for housing, whether directly or indirectly.

The HFCs were dedicatedly regulated by National Housing Bank. But increasing stress and other issues tempted the government to transfer the regulation of HFCs to the RBI by amending the statutes. At the same time, the NHB will keep some of the regulatory powers over the HFCs.

Regulatory norms for HFCs

Regulation Norm
Minimum Net-owned-Fund Rs. 20 crore
CRAR 15% by March 31, 2022
Acceptance of Deposit 12 months to 120 months for HFCs


Housing Finance Companies as NBFCs

The government transferred the regulation of HFCs to RBI from August 9, 2019, onwards. Before that, Housing Finance Companies are regulated by the NHB. The RBI, in July 2020, issued a new set of guidelines for the regulation of HFCs as NBFCs and the guidelines include:

  • defining principal business and qualifying assets for HFCs
  • classifying HFCs as systemically important (asset size of ₹500 crore and above) and non-systemically important (asset size less than ₹500 crore)
  • Reserve Bank’s directions on Liquidity Risk framework, CRAR, securitisation etc. for NBFCs, to be made applicable to HFCs

Qualifying assets of HFCs should be:
(i) at least 50% of net assets as qualifying assets i.e. towards housing finance

(ii) at least 75% of qualifying assets towards housing finance for individuals

The qualifying asset norm was realised by 2022 through a timeline. The Minimum net-owned fund for HFCs is Rs. 20 crore.


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