Financial institutions often need liquidity or ready cash to meet their transactions. Usually, the repo facility of the RBI gives one day loans to scheduled commercial banks. Another mechanism is the Call Money Market where financial institutions can avail loans from one day to fourteen days.
In the same way, quick money or short-term money can be obtained by financial institutions from the Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligations Market.
What is CBLO Market?
The Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligation (CBLO) market is a money market segment operated by the Clearing Corporation of India Ltd (CCIL). In the CBLO market, financial entities can avail short term loans by providing prescribed securities as collateral. In terms of functioning and objectives, the CBLO market is almost similar to the call money market.
The uniqueness of CBLO is that lenders and borrowers use collateral for their activities. For example, borrowers of fund have to provide collateral in the form of government securities and lenders will get it while giving loans. There is no such need of a collateral under the call money market.
Who are the participants in the CBLO market?
Institutions participating in CBLO are entities who have either no access or restricted access to the inter -bank call money market. Still, institutions active in the call money market can participate in the CBLO market. Nationalized Banks, Private Banks, Foreign Banks, Co-operative Banks, Insurance Companies, Mutual Funds, Primary Dealers, Bank cum Primary Dealers, NBFC, Corporate, Provident/ Pension Funds etc., are eligible for CBLO membership. These institutions have to avail a CBLO membership to do activities in the market.
Instrument under the CBLO market
Collateralized Borrowing and Lending Obligation (CBLO) is the instrument in the CBLO market. It is a discounted instrument available in electronic book entry form for the maturity period ranging from one day to one year.
The CCIL provides the Dealing System through Indian Financial Network (INFINET) and Negotiated Dealing System for participating in the market.
In the CBLO market, members can borrow or lend funds against the collateral of eligible securities. Eligible securities are Central Government securities including Treasury Bills, and such other securities as specified by the CCIL. Borrowers in CBLO have to deposit the required amount of eligible securities with the CCIL. For trading, the CCIL matches the borrowing and lending orders (order matching) submitted by the members. Borrowers have to pay interest to the lenders in accordance with the bid.