Fiscal Policy 14 Apr 2017 by Tojo Jose

GST’s rate on real estate sector is keenly awaited

GST’s rate on real estate sector is keenly awaited

Can GST save the real estate sector from its status of being the country’s largest destination for black money? Real estate players are worried that if the GST rate on the sector goes high and if the stamp duty continues in its current form, the sector cannot be saved. Chances are that 18% tax slab will be applied on real estate sector. If this happens, dealers may go for inventions to evade taxes. Any high rate is an invitation to evade than to pay the tax. The Parliament has cleared the GST during the budget session, and the tax regime is expected to be launched on 1 July. As per the legislation, land leasing, renting of commercial properties and purchase of under-constru

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Fiscal Policy 03 Mar 2017 by Tojo Jose

GST’s upper rate may go up to 40%

GST’s upper rate may go up to 40%

The Goods and Service Tax Council may raise the upward ceiling of the tax rate to 40% so that certain high rate inviting commodities can be taxed. Effectively, the new ceiling will raise the peak rate of centre and state rates individually to 20%. Under GST, both centre and states have equal ceiling rates. As per the original scheme, the maximum rate was 28% implying a peak rate of 14% for both the centre and states. The rate structure of GST will remain the same with four rates – 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%. Now in the next meeting of the GST Council, the 28 % rate will be replaced by 40%. A change in a clause of the model GST Bill inserting “not exceeding 14%” with &

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Fiscal Policy 17 Feb 2017 by Tojo Jose

GST Council to decide rate on gold in the next meeting; rate may get doubled

GST Council to decide rate on gold in the next meeting; rate may get doubled

The GST Council’s meeting on February 18 at Udaipur will decide tax rate on gold. Gold is at present attracting a sales tax of 1% and an excise duty rate of 1%. Reports indicate that states are arguing for a rate of 4%. At this rate, the centre and state may divide the tax revenues equally among them. Effectively, the proposed rate doubles the existing cumulative rate of 2%. Besides the excise duty and VAT (state sales tax), gold is having an import duty of 10%. A high rate may encourage smuggling and tax evasion. indirectly, such a rate will bring frictions between the dealers and tax officials. The 4% tax rate for gold is a rate outside the prescribed GST rates of 5%, 1

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Fiscal Policy 01 Feb 2017 by Tojo Jose

The hits of Budget 2017

The hits of Budget 2017

The budget presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitely in the background of demonetisation and the shift towards a digital economy wonderfully combines several beautiful measures. Budgets’ slogan – the TEC or “Transform, Energise and Clean India”, is well reflected in the initiatives and allocations announced in the budget. Extending from the restriction of Rs 3 lakh on physical transaction of money to galloping MGNREGA allocation to Rs 48000 crore, a dedicated programme for the safety of Railway passengers, partnering digital India steps to ‘clean India’, doubling Mudra scheme allocation, a resolution regime for financial institutions, etc. the b

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Fiscal Policy 01 Feb 2017 by Tojo Jose

Digital economy is the star of the budget

Digital economy is the star of the budget

Fighting black money, providing inclusion, enhancing the delivery of public services etc. the digital economy got top priority in the new budget. There is no tax at all for the manufacturing of certain types of digital economy equipments. All taxes – the customs duties (BCD, CVD, SVD) and excise duties were abolished for domestic manufacturing of digital economy equipments like POS machines and Micro ATMs. Digital economy is one of the ten distinct themes of the budget. Some of the other themes farmers, rural population, youth etc. “Promotion of a digital economy is an integral part of Government’s strategy to clean the system and weed out corruption and black mo

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Fiscal Policy 31 Jan 2017 by Tojo Jose

Economic Survey initiates debate on Universal Basic Income

Economic Survey initiates debate on Universal Basic Income

Government is thinking about shifting the delivery of public welfare services. The new idea is for providing Universal Basic Income to the poor people so that they can obtain the public goods. The Economic Survey, presented in the Parliament makes an exhaustive analysis about the feasibility of launching Universal Basic Income in India. UBI is an old welfare idea aimed at providing basic income to all citizens. Finland has launched a UBI for their citizens. Several other small countries are thinking about its launch. According to the Wall Street Journal, Switzerland voters have rejected the programme. Advantage of UBI in the present context is that once the UBI is provided, gove

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Fiscal Policy 17 Jan 2017 by Tojo Jose

GST to be rolled out from July1 as Centre and states resolves deadlock

GST to be rolled out from July1 as Centre and states resolves deadlock

The transformative indirect tax regime -GST is all set to be implemented from July 1st, 2017 as the Centre and states settled all of their remaining areas of divergence. At the end of the ninth meeting of the GST Council Monday, the Finance Minister Arun Jaitely hoped that implementing the accord from July will give time to the industry to make the necessary arrangement for the roll out. Commenting about the implementation from mid-way of a financial year, Finance Minister observed that there is no problem in doing it so as GST is a transactional tax. Of the areas of conflict between the centre and states, the most important one was the tax right on low value assesses. Here, as pe

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Goverment & RBI 13 Jan 2017 by Tojo Jose

Retail inflation hits three year low; weighted by demonetisation

Retail inflation hits three year low; weighted by demonetisation

Retail inflation (CPI) came down to 3.41 % - its three year low in December 2016 according to the latest data from Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The inflation rate was 3.63% during November.   The inflation rate is at its lowest level since January 2014. During the last year, on the same month inflation rate was 5.61%. The inflation data was curiously watched by economists and policy makers and several of them predicted a fall in inflation in the background of reduced consumption impact from cash constraints. Downward pressure on prices was mostly induced by vegetables and pulses. The consumer food prices fell to 1.37% compared to 2.03% in the previou

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Monetary Policy 11 Jan 2017 by Tojo Jose

RBI to Parliament on demonetisation: acted on government instructions

RBI to Parliament on demonetisation: acted on government instructions

The RBI’s first and most authenticate response about its role in the demonetisation response indicate that the central bank has acted as per government instructions. In a reply to the Parliamentary Committee on Finance led by Congresses’ M Veerappa Moily, the RBI submitted answers to several tactical questions on the subject. The RBI reply indicate that the government on November 7, 2016 ‘advised’ “the RBI to mitigate the problems of counterfeiting, terrorist financing and black money, the Central Board of the RBI may consider withdrawal of legal tender status on of the notes in high denominations of Rs 500 and Rs 1000” The CBD has met on Nove

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Fiscal Policy 31 Dec 2016 by Tojo Jose

Cash crunch to disappear slowly depending upon higher denomination note printing

Cash crunch to disappear slowly depending upon higher denomination note printing

The cash crunch that is engulfing the economy is expected to faded out only slowly. According to the RBI data, the system has only one third of the total value of required currency notes right now. As against a monetary base of Rs 15.6 lakh crore currency supply, including the small denomination notes, only Rs 5.92 crore is in circulation. This includes the new Rs 2000 and Rs 500 notes and smaller denominations. This means that the physical cash dominated transaction economy may be reactivated only by the second half of this calendar year. The phasing out of currency crunch depends upon the pace of Rs 500 note printing On the timeline date for taking the next step on liquidity r

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